Bird O'clock

Discover the Fascinating World of Mississippi’s Finches: From House to Evening Grosbeak

Introduction to Finches

Finches are one of the most interesting bird species out there, renowned for their conical bills and seed-eating habits. These sociable birds have unfortunately been in decline in recent years, making it imperative for us to learn more about these tiny creatures.

In Mississippi, finches are a common sight, with diverse species such as the House Finch,

American Goldfinch,

Pine Siskin,

Purple Finch,

Evening Grosbeak, Lesser Goldfinch, and Red Crossbill gracing the skies. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of finches, with a specific focus on the House Finch.

We will look at their characteristics, behavior, habitat, and nesting habits, and what we can do to protect them.

Finch Characteristics and Behavior

Finches are mainly characterized by their conical bills, which are perfectly adapted for breaking and crushing seeds. Their small size makes them quite agile, and they boast remarkable maneuvering skills when moving among foliage.

Despite their small stature, they are impressive fliers, with some species able to cover thousands of miles in migration. Finches are social creatures, and you will often find them moving in noisy groups.

They have complex communication systems, with different calls for food, danger, and courtship.

Types of Finches in Mississippi

As mentioned earlier, there are several types of finches in Mississippi, each with its unique characteristics. Here are some of the most common ones:


House Finch

The House Finch is a common sight in Mississippi, with its distinct red head and breast and brown-streaked body. The males have notched tails, making them easy to identify.

These birds are quite noisy, chattering away as they move in groups. The House Finch is a seed eater and will feed on a variety of seeds, fruits, buds, and occasionally insects.

They are known to be common visitors to backyard feeders, where they will happily feed on sunflower seeds. These birds nest in a wide range of habitats, from parks and gardens to farms and forest edges.

They will naturally nest in hollow cavities, but in urban areas, they will often use man-made structures such as paper cup holders or even abandoned nests. When building their nests, they will use various materials, including grass, leaves, twigs, and feathers, to create cozy little homes for their young.

The females typically lay four to five eggs, and after an incubation period of around two weeks, the chicks will hatch. 2.

American Goldfinch

Another common species in Mississippi is the

American Goldfinch, which boasts a bright yellow breeding plumage that males don during the summer months. Outside of breeding season, both males and females possess a dull olive-yellow coloring.

Unlike the House Finch, the

American Goldfinch is a strict seed eater, feeding on thistle, coneflowers, and sunflower seeds. They are often referred to as a symbol of summer due to their vibrant coloration.

These birds nest in high trees, often building their nests in forked branches. The females typically lay five eggs, with an incubation period of around two weeks.

Both parents care for their young until they are old enough to leave the nest. 3.

Pine Siskin


Pine Siskin is a small brown bird with distinctive yellow feather markings on its wings and tail. They are known to be highly nomadic, with their migration patterns often being unpredictable.

These birds are seed eaters and will often be seen feasting on thistle and other weed seeds. They have a unique feeding habit of hanging upside down while feeding.

Pine Siskins typically build their nests in conifers, creating a cozy little home for their young. 4.

Purple Finch


Purple Finch is often mistaken for the House Finch, but they have a more vibrant year-round red coloring and possess a more robust bill. The males also have a unique warbling song that is quite distinctive.

These birds are mainly seed eaters but will occasionally feed on fruit. They can typically be found nesting in conifers or deciduous trees.


Evening Grosbeak


Evening Grosbeak is a large finch with a distinctive yellow body and black-and-white wings.

Males have a distinguishing, distinctive forehead and beak that set them apart from females. They are known to be quite boisterous, often seen in large flocks.

Evening Grosbeaks are seed eaters, feeding on a variety of tree seeds, including conifer cones and maple samaras, as well as insect larvae. These birds nest in coniferous trees, constructing cup-shaped nests made of twigs, moss, and lichen.

6. Lesser Goldfinch

The Lesser Goldfinch is a small, black-and-yellow finch found mainly in desert regions.

They have a distinct yellow patch on their wings, and the males boast a bold black cap. These birds are mainly seed eaters, feeding on thistle seeds, sunflower seeds, and various weed seeds.

They are known to be frequent visitors to backyard feeders. These birds nest in deciduous trees, constructing their nests in the forks of branches.

7. Red Crossbill

The Red Crossbill is a distinctive finch that has a unique bill adapted for extracting seeds from pine cones.

Their bills are crossed at the tip, hence their name. They have a dull red coloration, and the males have a distinctive red rump.

These birds feed mainly on conifer seeds and are known to be highly nomadic, moving in search of food sources. Crossbills typically build their nests on conifer branches, constructing their nests from twigs and grasses.

Finch Habitat and Nesting

Finches occupy a range of habitats, including forests, meadows, parks, and even cities. They typically build their nests in trees, shrubs, or man-made structures such as paper cup holders.

Their nests are constructed from various materials, including grass, twigs, leaves, and feathers. The females usually lay between three and six eggs, with an incubation period of approximately two weeks.


Finches are unique birds, each with its unique characteristics, behavior, and nesting habits. They are a sight to behold, with their vibrant plumage and impressive flying skills.

Our efforts to protect these birds are crucial and can be as simple as planting bird-friendly plants or providing food and shelter. As weve seen, with various species thriving in Mississippi, we can enjoy the exciting world of finches right from our backyards.

Let’s work together to conserve these magnificent creatures and ensure that future generations can enjoy the joy of watching these tiny creatures.

American Goldfinch

The beautiful

American Goldfinch is a common sight in many backyards and gardens across the United States, known for its stunning bright yellow and black colors. The males have a vibrant yellow coloring during the breeding season, while the females have a duller yellow coloring.

The species has pointed wings, which highlight fine white wingbars, and a relatively short tail. This bird species is a testament to the beauty of nature, making it an essential part of the ecosystem.

Behavior and diet


American Goldfinch is a highly social bird species that is often seen in pairs or groups. These birds are mainly seed eaters, and their diet primarily consists of foraging for the seeds of sunflowers, thistle, and aster plants.

Their bills are perfectly adapted for extracting seeds from seedheads, allowing them to feed on various types of seeds. In addition to seeds,

American Goldfinches will feed on insects during the breeding season, especially when feeding their young.

Apart from feeding in meadows and fields,

American Goldfinches are also common in the suburbs, parks, and backyards, where you can often find them perched on trees or at bird feeders. Bird feeders stocked with nyjer seeds, sunflower seeds, and thistle are known to attract these birds.

Habitat and nesting

Apart from their striking colors and seed-eating habits,

American Goldfinches are also unique in their breeding habits. These North American migrants are summer breeders, and they primarily nest in open areas such as orchards, meadows, and fields with scattered trees or shrubs.

American Goldfinches prefer open areas with a mixture of tall grasses, wildflowers, and saplings. These birds usually breed in late June or early July, with both the male and female building the nest.


American Goldfinch nest is a loose, intricately woven construction made of grass, weeds, and twigs. They build their nests on the branches of saplings or shrubs, usually 4-10 feet above the ground.

The females lay four to six pale blue-green eggs, which require about twelve days to hatch. Once the eggs have hatched, both the male and female take turns feeding the young for about two to three weeks until they are large enough to fly and leave the nest.

The newly fledged young are fed by their parents for another two or three weeks before becoming independent.

Pine Siskin


Pine Siskin, also known as the American Siskin, is a small brown finch with yellow streaks on its wings and a forked tail. Like other finches, they have pointed wings and a short, pointed bill, perfectly adapted for acquiring and processing different types of seeds.

Pine Siskins are native to North America, where they are found mainly in coniferous forests, especially during winter.

Behavior and diet

Pine Siskins feed primarily on conifer seeds, thus their name. They forage on pine cone crops and are also known to feed on the seeds, buds, nectar, berries, grasses, and weeds of other plants in both natural and urban settings.


Pine Siskin’s diet is subject to variability and is usually influenced by both their breeding and migratory patterns. They can be seen in large flocks near feeding stations in backyards.

Bird feeders stocked with sunflower seeds, Nyjer seeds, and thistle are known to attract these birds to feed in local areas.

Pine Siskins are migratory birds and can travel a relatively long distance in search of food and breeding ground.

Habitat and nesting

Pine Siskins prefer conifers, such as spruce, pine, and fir savannas in open woodland habitats. They are classified as “nomadic” and, in winter, are known to roam in huge flocks in search of food resources.

Pine Siskins are not known to be territorial, and they nest in trees and large shrubs, often high up in the canopy. When building their nests, these birds use bark strips, twigs, roots, and lichens to construct their homes.

The inner lining is made of feathers, hair, and fine grass. These nests are typically built in conifer trees in secluded and protected spots well hidden from predation by squirrels and other predatory birds.

Pine Siskins have a clutch of three to five white eggs, with both the male and female taking turns incubating the eggs for around two weeks. After hatching, the chicks are cared for by the male and female, who feed them regurgitated seeds until they are old enough to leave the nest.

It takes ten to twelve days for the chicks to hatch, and most chicks will begin to fly after two to three weeks. In



American Goldfinch and

Pine Siskin are fascinating bird species that play a vital role in the ecosystem.

Their distinctive physical and behavioral characteristics make them both unique and help them survive in a constantly changing environment. Understanding their habitat, nesting habits, and diet is key to conserving both bird species, and promoting their presence in our local environments offers us a closer look at their world.

Purple Finch


Purple Finch is a beautiful bird species that is commonly found in North America. The males have a reddish-purple head and breast, brown back and wings, and paler bellies.

The females are brown and heavily streaked with dark brown or gray.

Purple Finches are one of the larger members of the finch family, with a length of approximately 6.5 inches and a wingspan of roughly nine inches.

Behavior and diet

Purple Finches are mainly found in evergreen forests, where they feed on seeds, buds, nectar, and berries. They have a unique feeding habit that involves hanging upside down while feeding on tree branches.

These birds are known for their sweet musical song that can be heard throughout their territories. They are active birds and are known to be aggressive towards other bird species that threaten their food sources.

At bird feeders,

Purple Finches usually feed on sunflower and thistle seeds. They are attracting to feeders that are hung in evergreen trees, resembling their natural habitat.

Habitat and nesting

Purple Finches build their nests high in trees, using twigs, roots, barks, weeds, and moss to construct their homes. The nests are usually well hidden, located on a thin branch far from the trunk, and providing safety from predators.

The nest is a shallow cup-like structure lined with fine grass and animal hair. Female

Purple Finches typically lay three to five blue-green eggs, which take approximately two weeks to incubate.

Once the chicks hatch, the male

Purple Finch will provide food to the female, who then feeds the chicks until they can leave the nest, usually after 1014 days of hatching. The fledglings continue to be fed by their parents outside the nest for another week or two, before flying away on their own.

Evening Grosbeak

Evening Grosbeaks are chunky birds with big bills and patterns of yellow and black in both males and females. The adult males have striking lemon-yellow bodies with black wings and tail feathers, while the adult females are gray with lemon-yellow wing markings.

Juvenile birds have a mottled brownish-gray pattern.

Behavior and diet

Evening Grosbeaks have a natural feeding habit that involves feeding on flower buds, insect larvae, seeds, berries, and small fruit. They use their powerful beaks to extract seeds from cones and other hard seeds.

These birds typically occur in flocks, which helps them to find and defend resources. At bird feeders,

Evening Grosbeaks are known to feed on sunflower, safflower, and millet seeds.

They are attracted to feeders that have larger tray feeders, allowing them to feed side-by-side with other birds.

Habitat and nesting

Evening Grosbeaks range widely across the continent and occupy a variety of open and forested habitats. They are commonly found in mountain regions, specifically forests, where they nest in conifer tops or crotches of deciduous trees.

When constructing their nests, they use twigs, rootlets, grass, moss, lichens, and pine needles. The female lays three to four eggs, which are white with brown spots, and incubates the eggs for approximately 14 days.

Both parents care for the young, providing them with food until they can fly and leave the nest. The fledglings remain dependent on their parents for a few weeks after leaving the nest before becoming independent.



Purple Finches and

Evening Grosbeaks are fascinating bird species that play a vital role in the ecosystem through pollination and the spread of plant material. These birds’ adaptation to their natural habitats and their unique behavior and nesting habits reveal how remarkably these bird species thrive in various settings.

Understanding their feeding, breeding, and nesting habits allows us to appreciate these beautiful creatures and promote conservation measures. Their presence in our environments offers us a deeper connection with nature and a chance to appreciate the world around us.

Popular Posts