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Discover the Fascinating Behavior of the Colorful Caica Parrot

When it comes to the pyrilia species, the Caica parrot stands out for its vibrant colors and distinctive features. Known for its unique vocalizations and social behavior, this bird has captured the attention of bird enthusiasts all around the world.

In this article, we will delve into the identification, plumage, and molt of the Caica parrot, providing you with a deeper understanding of this fascinating species.


The Caica parrot is a medium-sized parrot that measures around 24 centimeters in length and weighs approximately 150 grams. It has a squared tail that sets it apart from other parrots in its family.

The male and female of the species, as well as the adult and juvenile, have different plumage. This difference in appearance can make identification challenging.



The Caica parrot has a bright green body that is easily visible in the wild, with a bluish-purple crown and forehead, red iris, and yellow beak. This combination of colors makes it a beautiful bird to behold.

Its eyes are surrounded by a distinctive white ring, and its wings have a bluish hue. In flight, it is easy to notice its squared tail, which is also green.

The juvenile has a paler green body with a duller beak, while the adult female has a brownish-red belly.

Similar Species

The Caica parrot is often confused with the Plumbeous parrot, which is brown with a greenish tinge and has a slender tail. The Red-bellied parrot has a reddish belly, but its beak and crown are green.

The Caica parrot has a thicker beak than the Red-bellied parrot, and its crown is blue-purple.


The Caica parrot has three main plumage types: adult male, adult female, and juvenile. Adult male: The adult male Caica parrot has a bright green body, with bluish-purple crown and forehead, red iris, and yellow beak.

Its eyes are surrounded by a white ring, and its wings are blue. The squared tail is also green.

Adult female: The adult female Caica parrot has a brownish-red belly, with other parts of the body being the same color as the male but with less saturation. Juvenile: The juvenile Caica parrot is paler green in color and has a duller beak.


The molting pattern of the Caica parrot is not well known. However, there have been reports stating that after breeding season, adults lose their feathers on their head, which temporary changes their appearance.

It is also noted that pairing of molts can occur which means that the bird will lose multiple ear feathers at the same time.


The Caica parrot is an interesting bird species with beautiful colors and a unique shape. Identifying this bird can be challenging, especially because of the differences between male and the female, and the juvenile.

This article aimed to give you a better understanding of the Caica parrot’s physical appearance and molting behaviors. We hope that this article has been enjoyable and informative for anyone with a keen interest in bird species.

, as the purpose of the article is to provide information, rather than to persuade or summarize.

Systematics History

The Caica parrot, also known as Pyrilia caica, is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. Its placement within the Psittacidae family has been the subject of much debate among ornithologists, with some arguing that it belongs in a separate family altogether.

However, recent molecular studies have confirmed that Pyrilia should be considered part of the Psittacidae family.

Geographic Variation

The Caica parrot can be found in a variety of habitats, including humid forests, woodlands, and savannas throughout South and Central America. Its range extends from eastern Panama, through Colombia and Venezuela, and into Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru.


There are six recognized subspecies of the Caica parrot, each with distinct geographic ranges and morphological characteristics:

1. P.

c. caica: Found in eastern Panama, western Colombia, and northwestern Ecuador.

This subspecies has a bluish-green crown, a bluish-purple forehead, and a bright red iris. 2.

P. c.

emma: Found in eastern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. This subspecies has a yellowish-green crown and forehead, a bright red iris, and a brighter green back than other subspecies.

3. P.

c. euchlora: Found in northeastern Venezuela.

This subspecies has a green crown and forehead, a red iris, and a brighter green back than other subspecies. 4.

P. c.

subandina: Found in central and southern Colombia. This subspecies has a green crown and forehead, a red iris, and a darker green back and wings than other subspecies.

5. P.

c. griseipyga: Found in eastern Peru, western Brazil, and northern Bolivia.

This subspecies has a grayish-green forehead, a red iris, and a slightly darker green back than other subspecies. 6.

P. c.

armillata: Found in southeastern Brazil. This subspecies has a green crown and forehead, a red iris, and a brighter green back than other subspecies.

Related Species

The Pyrilia genus includes several other parrot species, each of which has distinct physical and behavioral characteristics. The closest relative to the Caica parrot is the white-crowned parrot (Pyrilia aurantiocephala), which is found in Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela.

Historical Changes to Distribution

The Caica parrot has experienced some historic changes in its distribution due to habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation. Deforestation for agricultural development, timber harvesting, and human settlement has led to a decline in the Caica parrot population.

This species is particularly vulnerable to habitat destruction as it depends on primary and secondary forests for food, nesting, and shelter. In Colombia, the Caica parrot is listed as a species of least concern, but deforestation in the region still poses a significant threat.

In Peru, the Caica parrot is listed as vulnerable due to ongoing deforestation in the region. Similarly, in Brazil, the Caica parrot is listed as near threatened due to habitat loss and trade in illegal bird trade.

Conservation efforts are being put in place to protect the Caica parrot and its habitat. One approach has been the establishment of conservation areas, parks, and reserves such as the Tapajos National Forest, which provides a safeguard for the species in Brazil.

In Colombia and Peru, conservation organizations are working with local communities to promote sustainable practices that reduce the impact of deforestation on the birds habitat. In conclusion, the Caica parrot is a beautiful species with distinctive physical characteristics and behaviors.

While its range stretches across much of South and Central America, it faces significant threats from habitat loss and degradation. Recognition of its subspecies and related species allows us to better understand the unique characteristics of this bird.

Conservation efforts must continue to protect this species and its habitat to ensure its survival for future generations. , as the purpose of the article is to provide information, rather than to persuade or summarize.


The habitat of the Caica parrot is mainly within humid lowland forests and nearby forest edges of Central and South America. It can also be found in savannas, secondary forests, and patchy woodlands.

The bird prefers nesting in tree cavities or abandoned woodpecker nesting holes. It may also use arboreal termitaria or old nests of other birds.

The Caica parrot is adaptable to disturbed areas and areas with deforestation. It is known to thrive in agricultural lands with scattered trees, which gives it some level of protection and resources for foraging.

Despite this adaptability, habitat loss from deforestation remains one of the major threats to the species.

Movements and Migration

The Caica parrot is a non-migratory species. Instead, it is known to follow seasonal movements of flowering or fruiting trees.

During these seasons, the parrots will move to areas where these resources are abundant. This movement helps them to obtain the necessary calories and nutrients needed to survive.

These movements are usually short distances and are not well known. However, the species is known to be gregarious, meaning that they often move in large groups to exploit food resources efficiently.

During these movements, the birds often fly low, and their vocalizations can be heard from a distance, which may serve to alert others of their whereabouts. In terms of breeding habits, the Caica parrot generally nests in tree cavities or abandoned woodpecker holes.

The female lays between two to four white eggs, which incubate for about 26-28 days. During the breeding season, the birds may stay in one or two areas, but it is unclear whether this is due to territorial or habitat preferences.

Despite being a non-migratory species, the Caica parrot may exhibit some seasonal movements. For example, the species tends to gather in the savanna during the dry season in Colombia for the purpose of consuming riparian vegetation, according to a study by Quevedo and Rodriguez.

The study found that this seasonal movement was consistent across several years of observation. The movements of the Caica parrot can also be influenced by anthropogenic activities such as the destruction and fragmentation of forest cover.

For example, a study by Arango-Velez and colleagues revealed that the species exhibited alarming movements of up to 9 kilometers after increases in deforestation levels in the Colombian Amazon. Conservation efforts aimed at preserving the habitat of the Caica parrot may help to support the movements, breeding, and foraging habits of these birds.

In Peru, conservation areas like Tambopata National Reserve and Manu National Park have been established to help preserve the habitat of the Caica parrot. In Colombia, conservation efforts, such as the forest protection project in the Serrania de los Yariguies, aim to protect the breeding habitat of the Caica parrot.

In conclusion, the Caica parrot is a non-migratory bird species that moves short distances to follow food resources and engage in breeding activities.

Habitats of the species include primary and secondary forests, savannas, and woodlands.

Despite natural movements, anthropogenic activities, such as deforestation, pose a significant threat to the habitat and population of this species. Conservation efforts that aim to promote sustainable practices that reduce the impact of deforestation may help to preserve the habitats and movements of the Caica parrot.

, as the purpose of the article is to provide information, rather than to persuade or summarize.

Diet and Foraging

The Caica parrot is primarily herbivorous, and its diet consists mainly of fruits and seeds. It has strong mandibles and a sharp, hooked beak that allows it to crack open hard-shelled seeds, as well as to crush fruits and small nuts.

Additionally, this parrot has a flexible tongue that helps to manipulate seeds and fruits inside its beak.


The Caica parrot feeds on a wide variety of fruits, including figs, berries, and palm fruits. It also consumes seeds and nuts, such as those from the Inga and Dipteryx trees.

The parrot is known to be gregarious, and large flocks may gather to feed on fruiting trees. This behavior serves to increase the efficiency with which they forage, as a larger group can exploit resources more efficiently.


The diet of the Caica parrot can vary depending on the season and the availability of food resources. During seasons when fruits are less abundant, the parrot may rely more on seeds, nuts, and insects for food.

Despite their preference for fruits and seeds, these birds are known to consume a large quantity of flowers, which can be an important source of nectar sugar. Insects can also form a significant part of their diet, particularly during the breeding season when protein intake is crucial.

Metabolism and Temperature Regulation

The Caica parrot has a high metabolic rate, which is needed to support foraging activities and maintain a steady body temperature. The parrot has a unique ability to regulate its body temperature, which is higher than that of many other birds.

As a result, the bird is more resilient to cold climates than other birds with lower body temperatures. This high body temperature also allows the parrot to digest food more efficiently, which is crucial for its survival in the wild.

Sounds and Vocal


Vocalizations are an important aspect of Caica parrot behavior. These birds are known for their loud, clear calls that can be heard from long distances.

They have a wide vocal range, and their calls can vary from soft, purring sounds to louder, raucous calls.


The Caica parrot is capable of producing a wide range of sounds and vocalizations. Its calls can vary depending on the context and the needs of the bird.

For example, the species produces different calls during feeding, breeding, and social interactions. During feeding, the parrots are often heard producing soft, purring sounds that may serve to indicate satisfaction or relaxation.

These soft vocalizations can also be heard during breeding, where they may be used to communicate with mates or establish territorial boundaries. Loud, raucous calls are also common among Caica parrots, particularly during social interactions.

These calls serve to establish dominance hierarchies and to alert other birds of potential dangers or resources.


Overall, the Caica parrot is a fascinating bird species with distinct behaviors and adaptations. Its feeding habits and diet are important aspects of its behavior, supporting its survival and reproduction in the wild.

Vocalizations play an important role in social communication, and they offer a window into the complex lives of these beautiful birds. Understanding the behavior of the Caica parrot can aid in conservation efforts that aim to preserve its habitat and ensure its survival for future generations.

, as the purpose of the article is to provide information, rather than to persuade or summarize.


The Caica parrot is a social bird species that exhibits complex behavior patterns. Its behavior has been the subject of many studies, including those on locomotion, self-maintenance, agonistic behavior, and sexual behavior.


The Caica parrot is a skilled flier and a proficient climber. Its wings are adapted for agility and speed, which allows it to maneuver through the dense forests in which it typically lives.

When on the ground, the parrot walks or hops, and it is also capable of climbing trees using its sharp beak and feet.

Self Maintenance

Self-maintenance is an important aspect of the Caica parrots behavior. These birds preen themselves with their bills, which helps to remove dirt, parasites, and excess oil from their feathers.

They may also use body language, such as wing or tail flicking, to indicate general cleanliness. Agonistic


Agonistic behavior is commonly observed among Caica parrots.

This may include wing and tail flicking, vocalizations, and chasing. These interactions can occur between individuals competing for food, nesting sites, or mates.

The parrots may also express dominance or submission through body language such as raising or lowering crest feathers, which are used to indicate mood. Sexual


The Caica parrot exhibits elaborate and structured sexual behavior patterns.

These include courtship displays, which involve the male parrot presenting food or other gifts to the female. During this display, the male may also fan his tail feathers and perform other physical movements to impress the female.


Breeding behavior among Caica parrots exhibits a well-structured social system. The parrots generally breed in pairs, and they are known to form long-term monogamous pair bonds.

Breeding typically occurs once per year, with the female laying between two to four eggs. The incubation period lasts around 26-28 days, and both the male and female share the responsibilities of incubation and feeding their young.

Once hatched, the chicks will remain in the nest cavity for around six to eight weeks. During this time, the parents will continue to provide food, protect, and groom their offspring.

Demography and Populations

The Caica parrot is a widespread species with a relatively high population. According to the IUCN Red List, the species is currently listed as least concern.

However, its habitats are facing threats from deforestation and degradation. In Colombia, conservation groups are working to protect the breeding areas of the Caica parrot, while in Peru, the Tambopata National Reserve and the Manu National Park have been established to help preserve the habitat of the species.

Studies on the demography of the Caica parrot have revealed that their population growth rate is slow. This means that they have low fecundity and high mortality rates, which can result in a significant decline in population size if habitat loss and fragmentation continue.

In conclusion, the Caica parrot is a social bird that exhibits complex patterns of behavior. These include self-maintenance, agonistic behavior, sexual behavior, and breeding.

By understanding these behaviors, conservation efforts can be implemented to protect their habitat. The Caica parrots population growth rate is slow, making it highly susceptible to habitat loss, and fragmentation.

Therefore, conservation measures are essential to ensure that their populations remain sustainable.

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